اُردو کی پہلی خاتون سفرنامہ نگار،نواب سکندر جہاں بیگم

Nawab Sikandar Jahan Begum, the first Woman Travel Writer of Urdu

  • Dr. Beenish Siduiqua Lecturer, Department of Urdu, Federal Urdu University, Karachi
Keywords: Safarnama, essential genre, travelogue writer, Nazli Begum, Ain-e- Sikandri, Raza Library, travel writer

Abstract

Safarnama (Travelogue)  is an essential genre of literature. There are some historical mistakes regarding Urdu's first female travelogue writer. It is highly important to correct it.on the basis of “Ser e Europe”(1908)) Nazli Rafia Sultan Begum has been declared as the first woman travel writer of Urdu in various books published in Pakistan and India , which is completely baseless. The fact is that the first female travel writer of Urdu was not Nazli Begum, but of the then ruler of Bhopal Nawab Sikandar Begum wrote a travelogue of Hajj in 1863 under the name of "Tarikh-e-Waqeya Hajj".We find mention of  this travelogue  in Garsan Datasi's urdu articles and Sikandar Begum's book "Ain-e- Sikandri". A handwritten copy of this travelogue is still preserved in Raza Library, Rampur. We are happy that, We had the honor of finding the first woman travel writer.

      References in Roman script:

  1. Nazli Rafia Sultan,Ser e Europe, Compiled by Zahra Begum Faizi,Lahore, Marghob agency,P:1
  2. Mirza Hamid Baig,Urdu safarnamy ki Mukhtasar Tareekh, Lahore,orient punlishers,2014,p:70
  3. Sadaf Fatima, Khawateen Kay Urdu Safrnamo ka Tahqeqi Mutalia, Karachi, Anjuman Taraqi-e-Urdu Pakistan,2011.p:21
  4. Sadaf Fatima, Khawateen k Urdu Safarnamy 2000 Say 2012 tak, Karachi, Anjuman Taraqi-e-Urdu Pakistan,2014,p:4
  5. Saeed Ahmed,Azadi kay Bad Urdu Safrnama, Dehli , Arshia Publications, 2012, p:63-64
  6. Saleem Hamid Rizvi, Dr, Urdu Adab Ki Tarraqi me Bhopal Ka Hissa, Bhopal, Alvi press,1965,p:70
  7. Ain–e-Sikandari, compiled by Sikander Jahn Begum, Bhopal, Hameedia Art Press
  8. Muhammad Shahb Uddin,Urdu me Haj k safrnamy,Aligarh , Universal Book House,p:65
  9. “ A Princess's Pilgrimage, Nawab Sikandar Begum's A Pilgrimage to Mecca” edited by  Siobhan Lambert- Hurley, Indiana University Press, US, 2008
  10. Garsan Datasi ,Maqalat e Garsan datasi(part1),Dehli,Anjuman Taraqi e urdu Hind,1943,p:28
  11. Qudsia Qureshi,Urdu Safar nama Uneswen Sadi me,Dehli,Muktab e Jamia,1987,p:75
  12. Siknder Begum ,Tareekh e Waqa e Haj(Manuscript),Raza library,Rampur,p:39
  13. Ibid,p:39-40
  14. Ibid,p:36
  15. Ibid,p:36
  16. muhammd Shahb Uddin, Dr, Urdu me Haj k Safarnamy, Aligarh, Universal book house, p:65
  17. Siknder Begum ,Tareekh e Waqa e Haj(Manuscript),Raza library,Rampur,p:3

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Published
2024-06-02
How to Cite
Siduiqua, D. B. (2024). اُردو کی پہلی خاتون سفرنامہ نگار،نواب سکندر جہاں بیگم: Nawab Sikandar Jahan Begum, the first Woman Travel Writer of Urdu. Zauq-E-Tahqeeq, 6(2), 8-15. Retrieved from https://zauq-e-tahqeeq.com/index.php/ZT/article/view/209